Carotid Artery Disease

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Carotid Artery Disease

Understanding Carotid Artery Disease: Prevention and Treatment

What is Carotid Artery Disease? Carotid artery disease occurs when the carotid arteries, located on the left and right sides of the neck, develop atherosclerosis—the buildup of plaque. These arteries are vital as they supply blood, oxygen, and nutrients to the brain, neck, scalp, and face. Atherosclerosis in these arteries can significantly increase the risk of stroke, making carotid artery disease a leading cause of stroke in the United States.

Detection and Symptoms The disease may not always show symptoms until a critical event occurs. One of the warning signs is a Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA), often described as a “mini-stroke,” which can manifest as speech difficulties, arm weakness, facial drooping, sudden severe headaches, vision problems, or confusion. These symptoms require immediate attention as they indicate a high risk of a major stroke.

Risk Factors Factors that increase the risk of developing carotid artery disease include:

  • Older age
  • High blood pressure
  • Diabetes
  • Family history of vascular diseases
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Being overweight
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • High levels of “bad” cholesterol and low levels of “good” cholesterol
  • Unhealthy diet
  • Smoking

Treatment Options Bergen Vascular Institute, home to some of the best vascular doctors in Bergen County, utilizes the latest diagnostic tools and treatments to manage carotid artery disease effectively. Treatment options include carotid endarterectomy and various forms of atherectomy, which are procedures to remove plaque from the arteries to restore normal blood flow. These treatments can be performed using minimally invasive and non-invasive techniques, reducing risks and recovery times for patients.

Consultation and Care Early diagnosis and treatment are crucial in preventing the progression of carotid artery disease and reducing the risk of stroke. If you are at high risk of developing this condition or are experiencing any symptoms, it is essential to schedule an appointment with a top vascular specialist at Bergen Vascular Institute. Our team is equipped with advanced technology and expertise to assess and treat carotid artery disease, ensuring you receive comprehensive and compassionate care.