Vein Disease

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Vein Disease

Understanding Vein Disease: Types and Treatment Options

What is Vein Disease? Vein disease encompasses a range of conditions that impair the circulation of blood through the veins, which are responsible for returning blood to the heart and lungs for reoxygenation. Unlike arteries, which carry oxygenated blood from the heart to the body, veins work against gravity to return blood back to the heart. Lymphatics assist by recirculating protein and fluid that leak from veins and arteries back into the bloodstream. Vein disease can significantly impact these critical functions and is most commonly observed in the legs.

Types of Vein Disease:

  1. Spider Veins:
    • These are small, web-like veins visible near the surface of the skin, appearing in red, blue, or purple. While often considered a cosmetic issue, spider veins can indicate more serious vein conditions.
  2. Varicose Veins:
    • These are enlarged and twisted veins that appear when damaged valves in the veins cause blood to pool. Symptoms can range from mild to severe and include leg pain, aching, heaviness, and swelling.
  3. Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT):
    • DVT is a serious condition where a blood clot forms in a deep vein, typically in the lower leg. If untreated, the clot can dislodge and travel to the lungs, causing a potentially fatal pulmonary embolism.
  4. May-Thurner Syndrome:
    • This rare condition involves the compression of the left iliac vein, increasing the risk of DVT.
  5. Pelvic Congestion Syndrome:
    • Similar to varicose veins but located in the pelvis, this condition causes pelvic pain and discomfort due to varicose veins in the pelvic region.

Diagnosis and Treatment: Diagnosing vein disease requires the expertise of a board-certified vascular surgeon who understands the intricacies of the vascular system. At Bergen Vascular Institute, our vascular specialists use the most advanced diagnostic tools and treatment methods available. Treatment options vary depending on the type and severity of the vein disease and may include surgical interventions for varicose veins, medication for DVT, or lifestyle changes to alleviate symptoms.

Consultation and Care: If you experience symptoms of vein disease or have a family history of such conditions, it is crucial to seek an evaluation from a vascular specialist. Early diagnosis and treatment can prevent the progression of the disease and avoid serious complications.

Bergen Vascular Institute is recognized as a leading center for vascular care in Bergen County, offering comprehensive treatment for all types of vein disease. Contact us today to schedule a consultation and receive the best possible care for your vascular health.